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A.1) Test

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    Why are abiotic outputs taken into account by the AlpES approach to ecosystem services?

    1. Because they can be associated to the biotic outputs as environmental services
    2. Because it is difficult to separate their contributions to those of biotic outputs in the generation of ecosystem services• Because it is difficult to separate their contributions from those of biotic outputs in the generation of ecosystem services
    3. Because abiotic outputs have the same role as biotic ones in the generation of ecosystem services

    Why is the economic valuation of ecosystem services difficult to approach?

    1. The complexity of each ecosystem service and, moreover, what emerges when combining them, is hard to translate into economic valuation and even harder into monetary valuatio
    2. Because there is not a common agreement amongst scientists about what has to be valuated• Because there is not a common agreement amongst scientists about what has to be valuated
    3. The economic valuation is not important when considering ecosystem services• Economic valuation is not important when considering ecosystem services

    How does the AlpES project see the role of biodiversity in ecosystem services?

    1. As a “habitat service” and, thus, an ecosystem service in itself
    2. As a factor that contributes to the generation of ecosystem services, while being also a result of some ecosystem services
    3. As a source for other ecosystem services

    Why does the AlpES project not use the term “agrosystem services” when considering the contribution of non-natural capital to the generation of ecosystem services?

    1. Because this term describes just the agricultural production of ecosystem services• Because this term describes only the agricultural production of ecosystem services
    2. Because it would be necessary to extend this definition to other co-produced ecosystem services, such as forests or water
    3. Because the definition of ecosystem services cannot exclude the contribution of non-natural capital and it is sufficient to point out when this one occurs• Because the definition of ecosystem services cannot exclude the contribution of non-natural capital and it is sufficient to point out when this occurs

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